May/June WAEC Agric Questions 2024 Verified Answers/Runz (Essay & Obj)

Agricultural science Essay, and Objective answers is out online. See the solution and all May/June WAEC Chemistry Questions 2024 Verified Answers expo, to help you make it at once. The West African Examinations Council (WAEC) is a regional examination body that conducts standardized tests for English-speaking West African countries. It plays a crucial role in assessing the academic achievements of students at the secondary school level, facilitating their progress to higher education and beyond.

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Agricultural Science 2 (Essay) is scheduled for Thursday, May 16, 2024, from 2:00 pm to 4:10 pm, followed by Agricultural Science 1 (Objective) from 4:10 pm to 5:00 pm.

Also Read: WAEC Chemistry Practical Questions And Answers

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WAEC Agric Answers

Cooperative farming:
(i)Enables farmers to pool resources, reducing costs and increasing bargaining power.
(ii)Facilitates the sharing of knowledge and technologies among farmers.
(iii)Enhances access to markets for members, improving sales and incomes.

Farm settlement scheme:
(i)Provides land and resources to new farmers, helping to establish new agricultural ventures.
(ii)Encourages the establishment of agricultural communities, fostering collaboration and mutual support.
(iii)Offers training and development programs, raising farming standards and efficiency.

Agricultural research institute:
(i)Conducts research on new agricultural techniques and technologies.
(ii)Develops new crop varieties that are more resistant to pests and diseases, boosting yields.
(iii)Provides extension services to farmers, disseminating knowledge and innovations.

(i) Dibber: A tractor-mounted planter or seed drill.
(ii) Hoe: A cultivator or tiller attachment.
(iii) Sickle: A mower or a sickle bar mower attachment.
(iv) Wheelbarrow: A front-end loader or a utility cart attachment.
(v) Watering can: An irrigation system or sprayer attachment.

(i) It efficiently turns over the upper layer of the soil, bringing fresh nutrients to the surface while burying weeds and the previous crop’s residues.
(ii) The plough helps in creating a cleaner and more even seedbed for planting.

(i)it can lead to soil erosion. When the soil is turned over.
(ii)it exposes the lower layers to the elements, which can be particularly detrimental in areas susceptible to wind or water erosion.

Removal of excessive vegetation
(i)Improves water quality: Excessive vegetation in fish ponds can lead to decreased oxygen levels as plants consume oxygen during the night.
(ii)Reduces risk of disease: Dense vegetation can harbor pathogens and parasites which can infect fish.

Removal of silt
(i)Enhances water depth: Over time, silt accumulation can reduce the depth of the pond.
(ii)Improves water quality: Silt can be a source of nutrients for algae blooms, which can degrade water quality.

Supplementary feeding
(i)Ensures adequate nutrition: Natural food availability in ponds might not be sufficient to meet the nutritional needs of all fish.
(ii)Increases growth rates: Providing feed with a balanced composition of nutrients can significantly improve the growth rates of fish.

Fertilizer application
(i)Promotes phytoplankton growth; Fertilizers are used in fish ponds primarily to increase the production of phytoplankton.
(ii)Enhances fish productivity: By fostering a healthy phytoplankton community, fertilizers indirectly boost the overall productivity of the pond, supporting higher yields of fish.

(i)Disease control
(ii)Poor productivity
(iii)Genetic reasons
(iv)Old age
(v)Temperament issues

(i)Nitrogen leaching
(ii)Soil acidification
(iii)Nutrient imbalance
(iv)Reduced crop quality
(v)Increased pest problems

Rhizobium: Nitrogen fixation in root nodules of leguminous plants.

Nitrosomonas: Ammonia oxidation to nitrite.

Pseudomonas: Denitrification, converting nitrate to nitrogen gas.

Nitrobacter: Nitrite oxidation to nitrate.

(i) Reduced yield due to sap-sucking, leading to wilting and stunted growth.
(ii) Transmission of viral diseases.
(iii). Honeydew secretion leading to sooty mold growth.

(i) Introducing natural predators like ladybugs and lacewings.
(ii) Companion planting with repellent herbs like mint or marigold.
(iii) Pruning affected plant parts to remove aphid colonies.
(iv) Using reflective mulches to deter aphids.

Forestry refers to the science and practice of managing forests, including conservation, utilization, and regeneration.

(i) Timber and lumber.
(ii) Paper and pulp.
(iii) Medicinal plants and herbs.
(iv) Resins and latex.
(v) Fruits and nuts.

Area of farmland in hectares:
300m x 150m = 45,000 square meters
1 hectare = 10,000 square meters
So, 45,000 sq m / 10,000 sq m/ha = 4.5 hectares

Quantity of sorghum seeds required:
Seed rate = 60 kg/ha
Area = 4.5 ha
Seeds required = 60 kg/ha x 4.5 ha = 270 kg

Quantity of fertilizer required:
Fertilizer rate = 20 kg/ha
Area = 4.5 ha
Fertilizer required = 20 kg/ha x 4.5 ha = 90 kg

(i) Budding involves a single bud, while grafting involves a cutting (scion) joined to a rootstock.
(ii) Budding is typically used for citrus and other small plants, while grafting is used for larger plants like trees.

(i) Orange
(ii) Lemon
(iii) Grapefruit
(iv) Mango

Production ration:
(i) Laying hens (for egg production)
(ii) Dairy cows (for milk production)

Maintenance ration:
(i) Breeding bulls (not in active production)
(ii) Dry cows (not lactating or pregnant)



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How To Get The WAEC Agric Questions Answers 2024

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2023 WAEC Agfric Answer


(i) Read and understand the operator’s manual

(ii) Wear appropriate protective gear

(iii) Conduct pre-operation checks

(iv) Always check the water level

(v) Avoid loose clothing and jewelry

(vi) Use safety guards and shields

(vii) Clear the work area

(viii) Follow safe refueling practices like turning off the machinery before refueling

Tips for Passing the Agric Science Exam

Passing the WAEC Agricultural Science exam requires a strategic approach and diligent preparation. Here are some tips to enhance your chances of success:

  • Thoroughly review the syllabus to identify key topics and concepts that are likely to be assessed in the exam.
  • Practice time management during your preparation and when tackling practice questions to simulate exam conditions.
  • Seek guidance from teachers or tutors to clarify any areas of uncertainty and gain valuable insights.
  • Stay updated with agricultural science developments and current trends to enrich your knowledge base.
  • Utilize mnemonic devices and visual aids to aid in memorization of important information.

For further update on WAEC Agric Questions 2024 Verified Answers, keep refreshing this page and make sure you share it to other groups.


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